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    Here you will find information on the activities of Research & Development and how they relate to all stages of the production process and metal applications.



    An integrated steelworks is a place where raw steel is manufactured from raw materials, which include iron ore, lime and coke. This metal undergoes subsequent processing to turn it into rolled products of a precise composition controlled to within parts per million. These rolled products can be either ‘long products’, such as rail and steel bar used as concrete reinforcing, or ‘flat products’, such as steel strip and plate. In an integrated steel plant you usually also find coating lines, used to apply a metal or organic coating to steel strip in order to make it more suitable to the demands of specific markets.

    Examples include tin-coated steel used in packaging, or zinc coated (galvanised) steel often used in building and automotive applications. The activities of Research & Development relate to all stages of the production process from the preparation of raw materials to the processing of the final product by Tata Steels customers.


    Below you will find some examples of metals applications Research & Development contribute to.


    The automotive sector is a highly demanding market. Changing views in society and associated legislation call for the continuous development of new materials and components for the automotive sector, such as high strength steels and tailored blanks. Many research projects are aimed at, or related to, the automotive industry. For further information, please visit the R&D page on our dedicated Automotive website.

    Building and Construction

    Tata Steel provides a wide range of materials and half-products for the construction sector, which is the largest market for Tata Steel. Research & Development works with the business units that supply products to the construction market in developing innovative solutions to specific construction problems and testing new concepts. 
    More information on Tata Steel in Construction is available from the Construction website.


    Packaging is one of the main markets of Tata Steel. Research & Development works in close collaboration with Packaging Plus and its customers in developing new, innovative products for the packaging market and on improving existing products to meet changing demands from the market and from society in general.
    For further information, please visit our Packaging market page.

    Transport & Engineering

    Tata Steel supplies steel to several non-automotive transport sectors such as Lifting & Excavating. Research & Development works directly with customers in the early stages of new vehicle design to help optimise design, manufacturing and materials. For further information please visit our Lifting & Excavating page.

    Minimills are relatively compact steel plants in which raw steel is produced by melting recycled steel scrap in electric arc furnaces. Like an integrated works, the cast metal is then rolled to produce Long Products like piling or sections used in construction, or Flat Products such as steel strip.

    Research & Development is involved in research projects related to electric steelmaking and hot rolling of the product. This work is concentrated at the Research & Development locations in the UK.

    Refractory materials are an essentialpart of installations to produce steel. Non-metallic inorganic materials produced as by-products during the steelmaking process can also be processed further to obtain materials that can be used in other industries.

    The Ceramics Research Centre of Research & Development has many years of experience in developing and testing refractory materials, collaborating with major suppliers, as well as in processing non-metallic inorganic materials. This includes processes to make components or semi products from inorganic materials.