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  • Cold-rolled - Steel for enamelling (US Standard units)

    Tata Steel’s cold-rolled Vitrostaal family is designed specifically for enameling.

    Vitrostaal can deliver end product and process benefits including superb coating adhesion and reliable deep drawing. 

    Vitrostaal steel for enamelling

    Vitrostaal  cold-rolled steel for enamelling provides strong coating adhesion and reliable deep drawing. Vitrostaal LD grades provide improved resistance to carbon boiling.

    Applications include barbecues, bathroom furniture, heat-exchange panels, photovoltaic solar panels, white boards and wall panels.

    Tata Steel

    Chicago office

    475 N. Martingale Road, Suite 400

    Schaumburg, IL 60173

    T +1 847 619 0400 or 1800 542 6244 (N.America only)

    F +1 847 619 0468

    Overview

    Tata Steel has the correct steel grade for direct and conventional enameling and for one or two layered enameling.

     

    Vitrostaal LD CS/DS

    The ultimate enameling steels made by Tata Steel, suitable for direct cover coat enameling. Decarburized in the steelplant, titanium free, cold-rolled and batch annealed, it has perfect adhesion of coating. Vitrostaal LD has improved resistance to carbon boiling and fish scaling.

    Vitrostaal IF

    Is a titanium stabilized enameling steel fit for all purposes when suitable enameling processes are used. It is especially suitable for applications where extra deep drawing is necessary.

     

    Applications

    • Barbecues
    • Bathtubs
    • Cookers and washing machines
    • Heat exchange panels (pore-free)
    • Photo Voltaic solar panels
    • Sinks
    • White boards and wall panels

     

    Relationship with standards

    Steel for enameling complies with ASTM standard A424: 2006.

    Tata Steel

    Vitrostaal

    USA

    ASTM A424: 2006

    Grade

    Grade

    Direct white enameling

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Type I CS

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Type I DS

    Vitrostaal IF

    Type III IF

     Vitrostaal LD CS/DS and Vitrostaal IF are also suitable for conventional enameling.

    Properties

    Mechanical properties

    Steel for enameling has the following typical mechanical properties (skin passed) - these are measured transverse to the rolling direction:

    Tata Steel Vitrostaal

    ASTM A424: 2006

    Yield strength

    Tensile strength

    Elongation
    after fracture A (2 inch)

    rm-value

    n-value

    Grade

    Grade

    ksi

    ksi

    %

     

     

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Type I CS

    19

    39

    52

    1.76

    0.23

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Type I DS

    18

    39

    52

    1.77

    0.24

    Vitrostaal IF

    Type III

    20

    41

    50

    2.20

    0.22

     

    Chemical composition

    Tata Steel’s Vitrostaal complies with the following heat analysis with maximum values in weight percentages:

    Tata Steel

    ASTM A424: 2006

    C

    Mn

    S

    Ti

    Cu 1

    Vitrostaal

    Grade

    Max.

    Max.

    Max.

    Max.

    Max.

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Type I CS

    0.004

    0.35

    0.030

    -

    0.040

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Type I DS

    0.004

    0.35

    0.030

    -

    0.040

    Vitrostaal IF

    Type III

    0.004

    0.35

    0.030

    0.080

    0.040

     1. Copper concentration is dependent on phosphorous concentration.
    The elements P and Cu are kept within certain limits to ensure that the reactivity of the steel surface is as constant as possible.
    Under normal conditions this leads to a reproducible enameling result.

     

    Surface aspects

    Steel for enameling shall be supplied with a surface roughness between 24 and 76 CLA.

     

     

    Dimensions

    Steel for vitreous enameling is available in the following dimensions.
    Dimensions in inches.

    Thickness

    Max. width

    From - up to

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Vitrostaal IF

    0.015 - 0.016

    -

    -

    -

    0.016 - 0.018

    73

    73

    71

    0.018 - 0.020

    74

    74

    72

    0.020 - 0.024

    76

    76

    76

    0.024 - 0.030

    76

    76

    77

    0.030 - 0.040

    77

    77

    79

    0.040 - 0.045

    77

    77

    79

    0.045 - 0.050

    77

    77

    79

    0.050 - 0.055

    77

    77

    79

    0.055 - 0.065

    71

    71

    74

    0.065 - 0.070

    65

    65

    68

    0.070 - 0.080

    59

    59

    61

    0.080 - 0.090

    -

    -

    -

    0.090 - 0.100

    -

    -

    -

    0.100 - 0.110

    -

    -

    -

    0.110 - 0.120

    -

    -

    -

    Minimum width is 30 inch.
    Other dimensions may be available, please contact us.

     

    Tolerances on thickness

    Tolerances comply with standard ASTM A 568: 2011. (click here)
    Tighter tolerances are available, please contact us.

     

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    Overview

    Overview

    Tata Steel has the correct steel grade for direct and conventional enameling and for one or two layered enameling.

     

    Vitrostaal LD CS/DS

    The ultimate enameling steels made by Tata Steel, suitable for direct cover coat enameling. Decarburized in the steelplant, titanium free, cold-rolled and batch annealed, it has perfect adhesion of coating. Vitrostaal LD has improved resistance to carbon boiling and fish scaling.

    Vitrostaal IF

    Is a titanium stabilized enameling steel fit for all purposes when suitable enameling processes are used. It is especially suitable for applications where extra deep drawing is necessary.

     

    Applications

    • Barbecues
    • Bathtubs
    • Cookers and washing machines
    • Heat exchange panels (pore-free)
    • Photo Voltaic solar panels
    • Sinks
    • White boards and wall panels

     

    Relationship with standards

    Steel for enameling complies with ASTM standard A424: 2006.

    Tata Steel

    Vitrostaal

    USA

    ASTM A424: 2006

    Grade

    Grade

    Direct white enameling

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Type I CS

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Type I DS

    Vitrostaal IF

    Type III IF

     Vitrostaal LD CS/DS and Vitrostaal IF are also suitable for conventional enameling.

    Properties

    Properties

    Mechanical properties

    Steel for enameling has the following typical mechanical properties (skin passed) - these are measured transverse to the rolling direction:

    Tata Steel Vitrostaal

    ASTM A424: 2006

    Yield strength

    Tensile strength

    Elongation
    after fracture A (2 inch)

    rm-value

    n-value

    Grade

    Grade

    ksi

    ksi

    %

     

     

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Type I CS

    19

    39

    52

    1.76

    0.23

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Type I DS

    18

    39

    52

    1.77

    0.24

    Vitrostaal IF

    Type III

    20

    41

    50

    2.20

    0.22

     

    Chemical composition

    Tata Steel’s Vitrostaal complies with the following heat analysis with maximum values in weight percentages:

    Tata Steel

    ASTM A424: 2006

    C

    Mn

    S

    Ti

    Cu 1

    Vitrostaal

    Grade

    Max.

    Max.

    Max.

    Max.

    Max.

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Type I CS

    0.004

    0.35

    0.030

    -

    0.040

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Type I DS

    0.004

    0.35

    0.030

    -

    0.040

    Vitrostaal IF

    Type III

    0.004

    0.35

    0.030

    0.080

    0.040

     1. Copper concentration is dependent on phosphorous concentration.
    The elements P and Cu are kept within certain limits to ensure that the reactivity of the steel surface is as constant as possible.
    Under normal conditions this leads to a reproducible enameling result.

     

    Surface aspects

    Steel for enameling shall be supplied with a surface roughness between 24 and 76 CLA.

     

     

    Dimensions

    Dimensions

    Steel for vitreous enameling is available in the following dimensions.
    Dimensions in inches.

    Thickness

    Max. width

    From - up to

    Vitrostaal LD CS

    Vitrostaal LD DS

    Vitrostaal IF

    0.015 - 0.016

    -

    -

    -

    0.016 - 0.018

    73

    73

    71

    0.018 - 0.020

    74

    74

    72

    0.020 - 0.024

    76

    76

    76

    0.024 - 0.030

    76

    76

    77

    0.030 - 0.040

    77

    77

    79

    0.040 - 0.045

    77

    77

    79

    0.045 - 0.050

    77

    77

    79

    0.050 - 0.055

    77

    77

    79

    0.055 - 0.065

    71

    71

    74

    0.065 - 0.070

    65

    65

    68

    0.070 - 0.080

    59

    59

    61

    0.080 - 0.090

    -

    -

    -

    0.090 - 0.100

    -

    -

    -

    0.100 - 0.110

    -

    -

    -

    0.110 - 0.120

    -

    -

    -

    Minimum width is 30 inch.
    Other dimensions may be available, please contact us.

     

    Tolerances on thickness

    Tolerances comply with standard ASTM A 568: 2011. (click here)
    Tighter tolerances are available, please contact us.

     

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