High-strength steel

Tata Steel offers a range of cold-rolled steels for applications requiring high strength without the weight penalty.

The range comprises micro-alloyed, rephosphorised and carbon manganese high-strength steels in cold-rolled uncoated condition.

These steels are ideal for strong, thin-gauge products.

Cold-rolled coil
Cold-rolled annealing line, Port Talbot, UK
Product specification
High-strength steel is currently available in the following grades:

EN-Automotive-Product-Cold-rolled-HSS-HSLA220 TSE

Specification details for HSLA220

EN-Automotive-Product-Cold-rolled-HSS-All Grades OverviewTSE


Micro-alloyed grades

Micro-alloyed grades have high-strength levels through precipitation and grain refinement hardening. Careful use of alloying elements ensures high mechanical resistance and good weldability. Micro alloyed grades are suited to pressed or stamped parts that require high strength and good formability eg. in seating or body in white structural parts.

Tata Steel supplies high-strength micro-alloyed (HSLA) steel which complies with European standard EN 10268:2006+A1:2013 and to VDA 239-100.

Bake-hardening grades

Bake hardening steel gains extra strength after going through an automotive paint oven. The benefit of this is a product with relatively good formability, combined with a higher strength final part.

Rephosphorised grades

These grades deliver high mechanical resistance and good suitability for cold forming due to solid solution hardening by phosphorus. Our rephosphorised grades are highly suited to the manufacture of car body panels and structural components because of their good resistance to impact and fatigue.

Carbon manganese grades                                                                             

Our carbon manganese product combines high strength with excellent formability for the most difficult cold forming applications.


Automotive components.

Relationship with standards

Tata Steel can supply the following cold-rolled high-strength steel grades:

Micro-alloyed grades

Tata Steel VDA (L) EN 10268:2006+A1:2013 (T) EN 10268:1998 (L)
Grade Grade Grade Grade
HSLA220 CR210LA - -
HSLA260 CR240LA HC260LA H240LA
HSLA300 CR270LA HC300LA H280LA
HSLA340 CR300LA HC340LA H320LA
HSLA380 CR340LA HC380LA H360LA
HSLA420 CR380LA HC420LA H400LA
HSLA460 CR420LA HC460LA H460LA
L = longitudinal test direction, T= transverse test direction
Test direction can be specified

Bake hardening grades

EN 10268:2006+A1:2013 VDA 239-100
HC220B CR210BH

Rephosphorised grades

Tata Steel VDA SEW 094
Grade Grade Grade
P220 - ZSt E220P
P260 - ZSt E260P

Carbon manganese grades

Grade Grade
HC300CM No EN specified equivalent

The carbon manganese product is supplied to Tata Steel’s own standard.

EN-EngineeringAutomotive-Product-Cold-rolled-All Grades Surface aspectsTSE

Surface aspects

Surface quality


Surface quality A

Defects that do not influence the formability or the application of surface coatings are permitted. They are defects such as pores, minor scratches, slight indentations, small grooves or slight discolouration. 

Surface quality B

The better side must be free of defects that can spoil the uniform appearance of a high-quality paint or of an electrolytic coating. The other side must at least conform to surface quality A. Not all combinations of thickness and width are available in surface quality B. Please contact us for details. 

Inspected side

As a rule, the upper side of the strip is inspected; on request, the strip can be wound so that the inspected side is the underside.


Surface texture/roughness

Cold-rolled annealed and skin-passed steel is available in several surface textures. Unless specified otherwise, Tata Steel will supply normal roughness. The table below shows the range of surface textures according to EN 10130:2006.



Roughness Ra (µm)

EN 10130: 2006


cut off 0.8 mm

extra-bright 1


≤ 0.3



≤ 0.4



≤ 0.9



0.6 - 1.9



> 1.6

extra-rough 2


3.5 - 5

1. Not in EN 10130:2006 - Tata Steel’s own specification. Please contact us regarding the availability
2. Not in EN 10130:2006 - Tata Steel’s own specification, measured with